Immigrants have influenced today’s culture in America through their practices, art, literature, and more. Latina immigrants have influenced American literature dating back to the 19th century.
Here we take a look at a handful of the inspiring Latinas who have made history, shaped the society we live in, and changed our world for the better. The health status of Latino immigrant women in the United States and future health policy implication of the affordable care act.
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During the period of the Spanish Empire from 1492 and 1898, many people migrated from Spain to the conquered lands. The Spaniards brought with them the Castilian language and culture, and in this process that lasted several centuries, created a global empire with a diverse population. The Hispanic Society of America is dedicated to the study of the arts and cultures of Spain, Portugal, and Latin America. While originally the term referred primarily to the Hispanos of New Mexico within http://raton.co/2020/04/08/function-as-the-first-to-read-what-the-experts-say-about-brazil-women/ the United States, today, organizations in the country use the term as a broad catchall to refer to persons with a historical and cultural relationship with Spain regardless of race and ethnicity. The United States Census Bureau uses the ethnonyms Hispanic or Latino to refer to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race and states that Hispanics or Latinos can be of any race, any ancestry, any ethnicity.
The combined median earnings of White/Hispanic couples are lower than those of White/White couples but higher than those of Hispanic/Hispanic couples. 23% of Hispanic men who married White women have a college degree compared to only 10% of Hispanic men who married a Hispanic woman. 33% of Hispanic women who married a White husband are college-educated compared to 13% of Hispanic women who married a Hispanic man. Increased use of Spanish-language media leads to increased levels of group consciousness, according to survey data.
This has disastrous consequences for the Latino community by denying them monetary resources that would ultimately benefit them. The National Women’s Law Center estimates that the gender wage gap amounts to a loss of $26,095 a year. That amount can mean a lot to a working family attempting to pay its bills, put food on the table, and provide for their children. NWLC also estimates that over the course of a 40-year career, with the current wage gap, the average Latina would lose over a million dollars in wages. Wage gaps also harm the individuality of working Latinas and limit their social and economic mobility.
No matter how you slice the data, it is clear that there is a lot of work to be done to improve the standard of living for Latinas and their families. More educational attainment and access to better quality education would certainly help to improve the Latinas’ chances to move up the job ladder and get better paid jobs. However, this is not the whole story, since even after controlling for education, the wage gap remains very large. Offering and facilitating access to occupations that are higher paid will also move Latinas up the occupational ladder. Here too, however, we find that even within the same occupations, Latinas fare worse.
African American women have been secretaries of the Housing and Urban Development, Labor and State departments, as well as EPA administrator and attorney general. “Who is a prominent Latina he could realistically consider?” asked Stella Rouse, University of Maryland political scientist and associate director of the poll. “This speaks loudly about the fact that Latina women have had trouble rising to the level of prominence, and it’s a huge issue.” Cecilia Muñoz, the highest-ranking Latina to serve in the Obama White House, as director of his Domestic Policy Council, said having a woman in one of the two highest offices is overdue. With women of color set to be the majority in 40 years, “it is more than time for us to lead,” she said.
- According to a 2010 study, the median household wealth of single Latina women is $120, compared with single white women’s median household wealth of $41,500.
- In 2012, the poverty rate for Latina women overall was 27.9 percent, compared with the rate for non-Hispanic white women at 10.8 percent.
- Poverty rates for Latina women, at 27.9 percent, are close to triple those of white women, at 10.8 percent.
- The number of working-poor Latina women is more than double that of white women, at 13.58 percent, compared with 6.69 percent.
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More frequent alcohol use was inversely related to agreement with the spiritual models of addiction. Women who frequently used alcohol appeared to disagree with statements suggesting powerlessness over substance use, and a reliance on faith and God to recover from addiction. Past research has similarly suggested a negative association between alcohol use and spirituality (Grodzicki & Galanter, 2006).
More than 50 years after the passage of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, Latina’s typically earn only 54 cents for every dollar earned by white, non-Hispanic men and must work nearly 23 months to earn what white men earn in 12 months. Latina Equal Pay Day — the day when Latina pay catches up to that of white, non-Hispanic men from the previous year — is being observed likely in November of 2020. We are a non-profit organization with the aim to connect, support, and empower Latina women working in tech.
In U.S. communities of immigrants from these countries it is common to hear these styles. Rock en Español, Latin hip-hop, Salsa, Merengue, Bachata, Cumbia and Reggaeton styles tend to appeal to the broader Hispanic population, and varieties of Cuban music are popular with many Hispanics of all backgrounds. Today, Spanish is among the most commonly spoken first languages of the world.
Per a 2008 University of California, Berkeley Law School research brief, a recurring theme to Black / Hispanic tensions is the growth in “contingent, flexible, or contractor labor,” which is increasingly replacing long term steady employment for jobs on the lower-rung of the pay scale . The transition to this employment arrangement corresponds directly with the growth in the Latino immigrant population. The perception is that this new labor arrangement has driven down wages, removed benefits, and rendered temporary, jobs that once were stable (but also benefiting consumers who receive lower-cost services) while passing the costs of labor onto the community at large.
A White, non-Hispanic man with only an associate’s degree, on the other hand, generally makes $54,620. This comparison offers a bleak perspective of the position that Latina women are in – that despite having more education, some Latina women still earn lower wages and must work longer to make the same amount of money.
But Hispanic/Latina women do not frequently seek medical attention for breast lumps. Furthermore, experts have suggested that the lower incidence of the disease in peers outside the U.S. means that Hispanic-American women with ties in Latin countries may be less likely to know someone who had the disease, which naturally makes these women less concerned that it could happen to them. There are several explanations for this, including a lack of health insurance, limited access to health care, and unfamiliarity with the health care system in the United States. For instance, women who use high-dose estrogen oral contraceptives for family planning may have an increase in their risk of breast cancer. Studies suggest that women living in Latin America may not have the same exposure to oral birth control as women of Hispanic/Latina background in the United States.